Anatomical models in terms of 3D printing technology

Since many year anatomical models are the source of knowledge about human body anatomy and structure. Now, when technology offers so many solutions for their production, their application can be expanded through more advanced cases and usage. As an anatomical model is three-dimensional human anatomy, it can be easily and efficiently printed by 3D printing technology. Digital 3D anatomical model production seems the next, innovative method of learning about human body structures. So does the Virtual Reality (VR). They basically enable interactive learning and a new approach to medical education.

What is more, anatomical models are the best way to learn about how the smallest parts of the human body functionate and how they are connected to each other. Models like these can provide the most adequate image and insight into the human organism. Nowadays, with all the technological advances and possibilities, this can even expand beyond that. 

3D printed anatomical models (image source: https://www.aceo3d.com/)

What are the types of anatomical models? 

There are few main anatomical models we can distinguish. These are

The more advanced and detailed ones are the nervous system, brain, heart and circulatory or digestive system models. Also, others like urology, pregnancy, genital, dental or skull models are involved in that.

Each one has a different structure and has different levels of advancement. Some of them may be very simple and the other ones more complex. The latest advancement is the creation of 3D Digital Anatomical Models or Virtual Reality (VR) presentations. According to the research institutions they are able to provide much more advanced options when it comes to getting to know the human body. The creation of such models enables us to produce different kinds of sizes, resolutions and orientation models. The digitally created objects can be easily enhanced, adjusted and automatically corrected. Thanks to the advanced visualizations and animations, the specific structures can be easily identified, zoomed out, rotated and checked out in detail. 

Three-dimensional heart model (image source: https://medcad.net/)

How to create a 3D digital anatomical model? 

In order to create digital anatomical models, scans like CT or MRI need to be involved in the process. Data gathered by them can be useful in generating tissues structures by the software. The whole process demands also an involvement from the engineers, biomedical illustrators or radiologists or technicians. 

Creating a digital 3D anatomical model is not one phase procedure. A lot of technological and scientific skills are needed to either construct the model or print it out at the end as well. However, such a new method of medical learning and knowledge source still needs a lot of examination. Being able to simply touch and have contact with the physically available objects is not the same as just having an insight into the computer monitor. Nonetheless, technological advancements usually make everything easier and enable us to have access to unlimited possibilities. This is obviously the way we should go forward and follow the direction ahead. Especially in medicine.

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